Written by: Prisca N. Alejileo
Prisca, an Edsmag contributing Editor, is a health and fitness advisor, singer and entrepreneur.
Mumps is a contagious disease that occurs most frequently in children and young people between the ages of five and fifteen years old.
Babies are usually immune. Most people have mumps only once in their lives, but one person out of every 10 persons may have a second attack.
This disease is caused by a virus which attacks the salivary of the mouth, particularly the parotid located on each side of the face, just below and in front of the ear.
After a young person is exposed to a case of the mumps, it takes about two weeks before he comes down with the disease.
1. Usually he experiences pain on chewing and swallowing, often made worst by swallowing acid liquids, such as vinegar or lemon juice.
2. Painful swelling develop at the sides of the face and below the ears.
4. Glands under the Chin may also become enlarged and swollen, and they may be a slight fever.
5. The swelling last for two to three days and generally goes down.
Mumps is usually a mild disease in younger children. During adolescence, it is often more severe. In teenage boys, the testicles may be affected, resulting in a condition called orchitis. This is painful and may result in sterility in later life. A far more serious complication occurs when the mumps virus attacks the brain and nervous system, causing meningoencephalitis.
1. Keep the patient in bed for several days until the temperature returns to normal.
2. Local applications of heat or an ice bag over the affected area will help to relieve some of the discomfort.
3. Use a good cleansing mouth wash to keep the membranes clean.
4. Be sure the patient has plenty of fluids and preferably a soft diet. Soft foods reduce the need for chewing and thus, decrease pain.
5. When older boys contract mumps, they should be given 20cc. of gamma globulin to protect them against testicular inflammation.
6. Hydrocortisone can also be used in reducing inflammations in more severe cases.